Usage

Introduction

With the release of ARK Core 2.0, a new feature was introduced, called Webhooks which allows you to create more flexible and automated systems while also reducing traffic/load on your server.

Authorization

Before we start working on the implementation of a webhook handler, we will take a look at handling authorization.

To guarantee that only your server is allowed to send data to your webhook handler, an authorization token is generated on creation of a webhook. The generated token will only be returned once and not be visible again.

To generate an authorization token, you need to create a webhook.

Lets take the following token as an example fe944e318edb02b979d6bf0c87978b640c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66 which is 64 characters long and breaks down into 2 parts at 32 characters length each.

The first 32 characters will be stored in the database and sent to you as a header Authorization: fe944e318edb02b979d6bf0c87978b64 via a POST request.

The last 32 characters 0c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66 need to be stored by you and will serve as a way for you to verify that the request is authorized.

Handling Webhooks

Now that we know how the token is structured and what it is used for we can continue with implementing a webhook handler.

A webhook handler is just a simple POST endpoint that you need to implement at the URL you specified when creating a webhook.

const webhookToken =
"fe944e318edb02b979d6bf0c87978b640c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66";
const verification = "0c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66";
server.post("/blocks", jsonParser, (req, res) => {
// This will be fe944e318edb02b979d6bf0c87978b64
const authorization = req.headers["authorization"];
// This will be authorization + verification
const token = authorization + verification;
// Make sure we block access if the token is invalid...
if (token !== webhookToken) {
return res.status(401).send("Unauthorized!");
}
// the datetime of when the webhook was sent
console.log(req.body.created);
// the data the webhook transfered, e.g. a block struct
console.log(req.body.data);
// the type of event that was sent, e.g. block.forged
console.log(req.body.type);
// do something with the above req.body data
return res.status(200).send("Hello Webhook!");
});
package main
import (
"fmt"
"log"
"net/http"
)
const (
webhookToken = "fe944e318edb02b979d6bf0c87978b640c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66"
verification = "0c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66"
)
func validateOrigin(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
return func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
if r.Header.Get("authorization") + verification != webhookToken {
w.WriteHeader(http.StatusUnauthorized)
w.Write([]byte("Unauthorized!"))
return
}
return next(w, r)
}
}
func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
decoder := json.NewDecoder(r.Body)
var resp Response // some defined DTO
err := decoder.Decode(&resp)
if err != nil {
handle(w, err)
}
// do something with the received block/transaction/wallet
}
func main() {
http.HandleFunc("/blocks", validateOrigin(handler))
log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil))
}
from flask import Flask, request
from werkzeug.exceptions import Unauthorized
from functools import wraps
app = Flask(__name__)
verification = "0c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66"
token = "fe944e318edb02b979d6bf0c87978b640c8e74e1cbfe36404386d33a5bbd8b66"
# This Should Be Middleware if This App Is Dedicated to Webhooks
def token_required(f):
@wraps(f)
def decorated_function(*args, **kwargs):
if request.headers.get("authorization") + verification != token:
raise Unauthorized("Unauthorized!")
return f(*args, **kwargs)
return decorated_function
@app.route("/blocks")
@token_required
def handle_block():
block = request.get_json()
# do something with the block
if __name__ == "__main__":
app.run(debug=True, port=5000)

Let's break down the steps we took here:

  • Grab the Authorization header.

  • Create the full token based on the Authorization header and Verification string.

  • Deny access if the full token does not equal the webhook token.

  • Log and process the request body if the full token is valid.

Closing

Now you should know enough on how to secure and handle incoming webhooks. Head over to the API docs for webhooks to get started.

Authentication

To communicate with the Webhooks API, you will need to provide the token you configured on your node through the Authorization header. Authenticating with an invalid token will return 401 Unauthorized.

Headers

Name

Type

Description

Required

Authorization

string

The webhook token defined in the node configuration.

Yes